Based on publicly available information from each company and third-party databases, this report examines the commitments and actions of the ten biggest car manufacturers, representing 80% of the market, to evaluate whether they are taking effective steps towards decarbonisation. There are three central issues for car manufacturers to address: earlier phase-out of the internal combustion engine, decarbonising the supply chain, and resource sustainability. The report also suggests rethinking the future of mobility to carmakers.
Based on selected four world’s best-selling carmakers Volkswagen, Toyota, Hyundai-Kia and Honda, compared their CO2 emission performance from passenger cars in China, USA and the EU, the report has analyzed the causes and impacts. Besides, the report also reviewed the progress on governmental CO2 regulations for passenger vehicles among China, the EU and USA and explored the implications of those regulations on automakers’ CO2 performance.